County level estimates

Does anyone know how can I get the county level estimates for some of the measures? Any help will be appreciated.



  • There is a mountain of county-level estimates for a variety of measures in the ACS. Here's a few questions for you?
    1. Do you need the estimates for every county in the U.S.? There are over 3,000.
    2. Can you describe the measures you are most interested in?
    3. Do you need estimates that are the most current ones, or can you take estimates from the latest 5-year period (2012-2016)?
  • In reply to Doug Hillmer:

    Thank you Doug. I was looking to estimate a number of things such as estimated # VA eligible veterans in each for each county.
    Yes, I need to use all the counties and wanted the latest possible data.
  • In reply to Monir Hossain:

    Hi Doug,
    Any update about how to construct any county level estimate of a measure? I know how to construct my measures, but I need the estimates for the counties.
  • In reply to Monir Hossain:

    Monir, have you looked at the Census FactFinder? You can download county-level data there on veterans:

    You could also take a look at a site like PolicyMap: (full disclosure: I work at PolicyMap.)
  • In reply to Bernie:

    Bernie, thank you for your suggestions and it's very helpful. Do you know how use the Counties in PUMS data? I have to compute the count of these veterans who would be eligible for VA healthcare using their income and disability fields in the PUMS data.
  • I may not have understood your original question. Are you asking how to create county-level estimates from the PUMS data (which does not contain count identifiers)?
  • In reply to Monir Hossain:

    OK. This is a bit involved, and there are several approaches to getting estimates for a political geographic area from the PUMS data. For starters, I would suggest going to the Missouri Census Data Center. You can use an application on that site to create a file that gives you the proportion of population in any county that is entirely or partly contained in a given PUMA. Here's the url: I have run this for counties in all states and have pasted in the first few records in the .csv output file below (including the column header records). You will see that PUMA 00100 in Alabama contains 4 records for the proportion of each county covered by that PUMA (based on recent pop estimates). By sorting the file on the "county" field and "puma12" within county, you can use the "alloc factor" field to estimate the records from each contributing PUMA to allocate to the county. However, that assumes a uniform geographic distribution of characteristic (= measures) across the contributing PUMAs.

    There are several steps that could be taken to refine this approach using known estimates at the county level from the aggregated data published from the ACS (I assume you want this for all counties which means you would have to use the aggregated data from a 5-year period for the ACS). You can read about one approach to this done by the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia at this site: Also, if you can get access to the book Millenials in America by Rovert Scardamalia (Bernan Press, 2015), the preface of that book describes a method for allocating PUMS data to other geographic areas.

    Hope this is useful.


    "FIPS state","puma12","county","State Postal Code","cntyname","PUMA12 Name","Pop 2014 estimate fr county level ests","puma12 to county alloc factor"
    "01","00100","01033","AL","Colbert AL","Lauderdale, Colbert, Franklin & Marion (Northeast) Counties",54543,0.292
    "01","00100","01059","AL","Franklin AL","Lauderdale, Colbert, Franklin & Marion (Northeast) Counties",31601,0.169
    "01","00100","01077","AL","Lauderdale AL","Lauderdale, Colbert, Franklin & Marion (Northeast) Counties",93096,0.498
    "01","00100","01093","AL","Marion AL","Lauderdale, Colbert, Franklin & Marion (Northeast) Counties",7725.125,0.041
    "01","00200","01083","AL","Limestone AL","Limestone & Madison (Outer) Counties--Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest)",90787,0.494
    "01","00200","01089","AL","Madison AL","Limestone & Madison (Outer) Counties--Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest)",93157.849,0.506
    "01","00301","01089","AL","Madison AL","Huntsville (North) & Madison (East) Cities",124425.297,1